Have you ever heard anyone mocking competition karate? Many fighters, particularly within the realm of MMA, laugh at the strict rules put in place to avoid hurting the other person.
Sport karate practitioners are more interested in showing off their skills and perfectly practiced techniques than in decimating their opponents. This is in stark contrast to the sometimes bloody and brutal fights you’ll see in MMA.
However, though they might laugh, they still probably wouldn’t want to meet a karateka alone in a dark alley. A proficient karateka is a formidable opponent.
The best evidence of this is the competitions you’ll see in full contact karate styles. To learn more let’s explore the world of full contact karate a little more closely.
Table of Contents
What Is Sport Karate?
The “mainstream” form of Karate sparring, or Kumite, is generally referred to as sport Karate. This is the style you’ll see in worldwide World Karate Federation events and what we’ll see in the Olympics in Tokyo later this year.
This style is focused primarily on skill and the winner is determined by points. The contestants wear gloves and usually some form of body protection to avoid injuries.
There are only a handful of techniques that earn points and there are many illegal techniques that if used will earn you a warning or even your opponent a point! Many times, contestants are urged to “pull their punches” or try not to hit their opponent at full power.
Matches are timed and the clock is stopped and the contestants are separated when a valid technique has been executed. Overwhelmingly, the point of sport karate is not to beat up your opponent but rather demonstrate your skill.
Critics say that sport Karate is a poor demonstration of your actual skill in a real fight and training this way is practicing failure on the street.
But not all karateka fight this way…
What Is Full Contact Karate?
Full contact karate tournaments are a whole different deal. Punches to the face, groin, and joints are generally prohibited, but there is a vast arsenal of allowed techniques.
Contestants can punch and use elbow strikes to the body and limbs. They can also deliver kicks to the body, limbs, head, and face. Sweeps are allowed and it’s possible to win by knockout. Knocking out your opponent in sport Karate will only get you disqualified.
There are many different styles of full contact Karate. Some use gloves and body protection, others don’t. Sometimes grabs are considered valid techniques, other times they are not.
Full Contact Karate Styles
Sport Karate has the World Karate Federation and various national organizations that bring the style together. They offer mostly standardized tournaments (though individual tournament rules can still vary).
However, there is no one worldwide organization for full contact Karate styles. There is also no one particular Karate style that employs full contact sparring. Let’s look at a few of the main ones.
If there were one main full contact Karate style, this would be it. Kyokushin Karate, also known as knockdown Karate or Japanese full contact Karate, can get quite brutal. The gloves come off and there is no body protection (other than groin).
The idea is to simulate something closer to a real fight. Instead of stopping after each valid technique, the fight is continuous, only being stopped to break up clinches, if a contestant steps out of the ring, or if there is a knockdown or knockout.
Like in sport Karate, contestants can earn points. However, they will only be awarded a point if their technique caused visible harm or elicited a reaction from their opponent. It doesn’t matter if their technique was flawless, it has to elicit a reaction to count. This is the opposite of sport Karate which insists on a well-executed technique to earn points.
This video shows Kyokushin Karate fighters in action as well as some pretty impressive knockouts.
American Full Contact Karate
This style of full-contact martial arts is basically what you’d get if you mixed Karate with American Boxing. In fact, it’s kind of hard to distinguish it from American Kickboxing.
Contestants use gloves, shin pads, footpads, and helmets for protection. As in kickboxing, kicks below the belt are not allowed and neither is the use of knees or elbows. However, practitioners still have a much wider range of techniques that they can use against their opponents when compared with sport Karate.
Gloved or Shinkarate
This relatively small style is another one that originates in Japan. The basic rules are based on knockdown karate, but with a major exception — contestants wear boxing gloves and punches to the face are allowed.
Anyone familiar with professional kickboxing will wonder what is the difference between gloved Karate and kickboxing. To be honest, the differences are small and many professional kickboxers start out as amateur gloved karate fighters. They then move into professional kickboxing once they’ve refined their skills.
Full Contact Point Karate
This style of Karate competition is mostly used in North America. It is similar to sport Karate in that clean, well-executed hits to specific target zones are the only qualifying techniques for points.
Fighters wear gloves and footpads and full contact blows are allowed. Plus, if you knock out your opponent, you win instead of being disqualified. This tournament format is very similar to that used in Taekwondo.
This video gives you a good idea of what this style of fighting looks like.
Hybrid Fighting Karate
Another critique that other fighters (particularly grappling fighters) have about Karate is that there are virtually no ground-fighting techniques. Karatekas prefer to fight on their feet and put down their opponent.
However, it is a valid point they make about knowing how to fight if you get knocked down. And that’s where the hybrid fighting karate style comes in handy.
This full contact Karate style is a mix of Karate and Judo grappling techniques. There are a few different hybrid styles that evolved out of this idea. Grabs, chokes, joint locks, and other techniques are allowed at a varying degree depending on which style you’re working with. Combat Karate, also known as Kudo, is one of the main forms of this hybrid style.
Check out this great video demonstration of Kudo.
The World of Full Contact Karate
Where do you stand on the subject of full-contact Karate? Do you relish the idea of really putting yourself to the test and going up against a full-on knockdown Karate practitioner? Or maybe you prefer the relative safety of a sport Karate match. There’s a lot more finesse involved and less chance of being injured.
The good news is that there is something for everyone. Though none of these full-contact Karate styles are as widespread as sport Karate, it’s still likely you can find dojos in your area practicing one of these styles.
If you do decide to put yourself to the test, let us know how it goes in the comments below.
If you feel like you might need to work on some more techniques before stepping in the ring, check out these tips for improving your Karate faster.